Dataset features


Application: Gene expression microarray analysis
Number of samples: 9
Release date: Jan 3 2011
Last update date: Oct 29 2018
Access: Public
Diseases: Infection, Virus Diseases
Dataset link The differentially expressed genes induced by EV71 infection

Experimental Protocol

Enteroviruses in the Picornaviridae family are important human pathogens which can cause fatal diseases, including cardiopulmonary failure, aseptic meningitis, paralysis, myocarditis, and encephalomyelitis. Virus infection may induce shutoff of host protein synthesis, particularly in picornavirus, whose protein translation is cap-independent. It is known that poliovirus 2A protease cleaves eIF4G, a scaffold component of mammalian cell translational complex, leading to the shut down of host protein synthesis. Nevertheless, the cleavage of eIF4G may not be sufficient for the complete shutoff of host protein synthesis. Previous studies showed that cleavage of polyA-binding protein (PABP) by viral protease 3C and dephosphorylation of the translational repressor, eIF4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), also contribute to this process. The cap-binding protein, eIF4E, is the most crucial factor in determining whether cap-dependent or -independent translation takes place. The mechanism by which viral infection modulates host cell protein synthesis through interfering eIF4E expression is not yet known. miRNAs are a newly discovered class of small non-protein-coding RNAs that may act via endogenous RNA interference. Our understanding of its role in the dynamic interplay between virus and host components is quite limited. Since both virus infection and miRNAs could hinder cellular protein synthesis, whether miRNAs are involved during virus infection in shutting off host protein synthesis is still unknown. To address this issue, we analyze the altered gene and microRNA expression after EV71 infection. ***This submission represents the mRNA expression component of the study only***










Sung-Liang Yu