Natural Oncolytic Activity of Live-Attenuated Measles Virus against Human Lung and Colorectal Adenocarcinomas
Lung and colorectal cancers are responsible for approximately 2 million deaths each year worldwide. Despite continual improvements, clinical management of these diseases remains challenging and development of novel therapies with increased efficacy is critical to address these major public health issues. Oncolytic viruses have shown promising results against cancers that are resistant to conventional anticancer therapies. Vaccine strains of measles virus (MV) exhibit such natural antitumor properties by preferentially targeting cancer cells. We tested the ability of live-attenuated Schwarz strain of MV to specifically infect tumor cells derived from human lung and colorectal adenocarcinomas and demonstrated that live-attenuated MV exhibits oncolytic properties against these two aggressive neoplasms. We also showed that Schwarz MV was able to prevent uncontrollable growth of large, established lung and colorectal adenocarcinoma xenografts in nude mice. Moreover, MV oncolysis is associated with in vivo activation of caspase-3 in colorectal cancer model, as shown by immunohistochemical staining. Our results provide new arguments for the use of MV as an antitumor therapy against aggressive human malignancies.
[…] All experiments were performed at the Cellular and Tissular Imaging Core Facility (MicroPICell, IFR26, Nantes, France) using a Leica DMI6000B station. Images were acquired every 15 min for 72 hours with MetaMorph Microscopy Automation & Image Analysis Software (Molecular Devices) and further treated with ImageJ (National Institute of Health). […]
to analyse the site's operation and effectiveness, to display ads tailored to your interests
and to provide you with relevant promotional messages and other information about products,
events and services of ours or our sponsors and partner companies.
These cookies are needed for the site to work and to be optimized.
These cookies are needed to interact with the social network plugins on this site.
These cookies are used to track visitors across websites.
The intention is to display ads that are relevant and engaging for the users.
These cookies are needed in order to better understand how
this site is used and to improve the user experience.
At omicX, we believe trust is of the utmost importance. Transparency allows trust.
This is why we want you to understand what data we collect and how we use it.