|Application:||Gene expression microarray analysis, miRNA array analysis|
|Number of samples:||96|
|Release date:||Jun 22 2015|
|Last update date:||Jun 22 2015|
|Diseases:||Coronary Artery Disease, Thrombosis, Atherosclerosis|
|Dataset link||Differences in platelet miRNA profiles between patients with coronary artery disease and healthy controls.|
In this case-control study we measured expression levels of platelet miRNAs using microarrays from 40 male patients with premature CAD and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Premature CAD was defined as a cardiac event before the age of 51 years. The patients were selected from the outpatient clinic of the Academic Medical Center (AMC) of Amsterdam, which is specialised in premature CAD. The control cohort was composed of 40 healthy Caucasian male volunteers, who were recruited by advertisement and who were matched with the cases for age and smoking habits. Individuals of this control cohort did not have a history of CVD, nor did they have a positive family history of CVD and they were not allowed to use any medication. Patients and controls were excluded when they suffered from diabetes. Most CAD patients use aspirin and statins as secondary prevention. The influence of these drugs on miRNA profiles is unknown. To assess the possible influence of medication on miRNA expression and to control for medication as confounding factor, we asked 27 volunteers in our control cohort to also use these drugs. We administered simvastatin 40 mg, once daily, for 6 weeks and during the last two weeks we added 100mg of acetyl salicylic acid, once daily. Blood samples including isolated platelets were collected at baseline in the absence of aspirin and statins and after six weeks of medication use. We also assessed platelet function using the Multiplate® Analyzer (Roche) in the absence of aspirin and statin use. In short, 300 µl whole blood was diluted with 300 µl 0.9% saline and stirred for 3 minutes at 37 ºC. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was added in a final concentration of 2.5 μmol/L to initiate platelet aggregation. Aggregation was measured for 6 minutes and was reported in arbitrary aggregation units plotted against time. Also, the area under the aggregation curve (AUC) was measured. All samples were measured in the absence and presence of 200 μmol/L indomethacin (20 min incubation with blood) to mimic the effect of aspirin use. We calculated the percentage reduction in AUC after incubation with indomethacin as an in vitro measure of the effect of aspirin use on whole blood platelet aggregation.
Perry D Moerland