Computational protocol: Complete Genome Sequences of T1-Like Phages JMPW1 and JMPW2

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Protocol publication

[…] From the 1940s, phages, especially Escherichia coli phages, were used as tools to answer basic molecular and biophysical questions (, ). Enterobacteria phage T1, a member of the family Siphoviridae, was discovered by Delbrück in 1942 (). Among the T-phage group, studies of phage T1 are rare; the first paper reporting the complete annotated sequence of the T1 genome was published in 2004 (). To date, only four genome sequences of T1-like phages have been released in GenBank. Here, we present the complete sequences of two novel members of the T1 family, which will extend our knowledge of the T1 family.Escherichia phages JMPW1 and JMPW2 were originally isolated from contaminated experiment samples by the double-layer agar plaque method. Phage particles were purified from bacteria lysates using the standard PEG (polyethylene glycol) protocol, and phage DNA was extracted from the purified phage particles using the SDS-proteinase K protocol (). The whole-genome sequencing of Escherichia phages JMPW1 and JMPW2 was performed using the Ion Torrent PGM at the Academy of Military Medical Sciences (Beijing, China). Sequencing reads with ~1,600-fold (JMPW1) and ~1,900-fold (JMPW2) average coverage were assembled using the Newbler software (version 2.9). Genome annotations of the phages were revealed using fgenesV ( and manually verified by screening all the predicted proteins against the NCBI protein database using BLASTp (). Then, the results were submitted via the software Sequin (version 13.70) ().JMPW1 and JMPW2 are all linear double-stranded DNA phages with genome sizes of 49,840 bp and 50,298 bp, respectively. The two phages have a G+C content of 45.6% (JMPW1) and 45.4% (JMPW2). The genomes contain 76 putative open reading frames (ORFs) (JMPW1) and 82 putative ORFs (JMPW2). No tRNAs were found in the two genomes. JMPW1 and JMPW2 are closely related to enterobacteria phage T1, and both of them share over 90% sequence identity with T1. Nonetheless, the tail fiber proteins of JMPW1 and JMPW2 are very different from T1. Furthermore, compared to T1, function-unknown genes 003, 007, 010, 011, and 012 of JMPW1 and genes 006, 010, 011, 080, 081, and 082 of JMPW2 were added, and two genes related to endonucleases were lost in the JMPW1 genome. Studies of phages JMPW1 and JMPW2 will provide new insight into the diversity of E. coli phages. […]

Pipeline specifications

Software tools Newbler, BLASTP
Databases NCBI Protein
Application WGS analysis
Organisms Escherichia coli