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Anatomical connectivity (AC), also called structural connectivity, which forms the connectome through synaptic contacts between neighboring neurons or fiber tracks connecting neuron pools in spatially distant brain regions. The whole set of such fiber tracks in the brain is called white matter. On short time scales (sec, min), anatomical connections are quite persistent and stable, while for longer time spans substantial plasticity may be observed.
(Lang., 2012) Brain Connectivity Analysis: A Short Survey. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience.