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Chloroplasts are semiautonomous organelles having their own genome (Kabeya and Miyagishima, 2013) and considered to be derived from cyanobacteria through endosymbiosis (Wicke et al., 2011). Apart from their well-known function of photosynthesis, i.e. the conversion of light energy to chemical energy, chloroplasts are known to play a role in the synthesis of starch, fatty acids, pigments and amino acids (Neuhaus and Emes, 2000). Source text: Kapil et al., 2014.