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The use of phylogenetic comparative methods in evolutionary biology has seen a remarkable increase in recent years. Much of this growth has resulted from the proliferation of newly developed methods and a shift toward implementation of these methods in R, which has enhanced the flexibility and between-method compatibility of their implementation. Convergent evolution, or the independent evolution of similar phenotypes, is a commonly observed phenomenon across the tree of life.
(Arbuckle and Minter 2015) windex: Analyzing Convergent Evolution Using the Wheatsheaf Index in R. Evol Bioinform Online.