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Citations per year

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Tool usage distribution map

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Coot specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_06370
Name Coot
Alternative name Crystallographic Object-Oriented Toolkit
Software type Package/Module
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use None
Operating system Unix/Linux
Computer skills Advanced
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes


  • SSM


No version available


  • person_outline Paul Emsley

Publications for Crystallographic Object-Oriented Toolkit


Handling ligands with Coot.

2012 Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr
PMCID: 3322601
PMID: 22505262
DOI: 10.1107/S0907444912000200

Features and development of Coot.

2010 Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr
PMCID: 2852313
PMID: 20383002
DOI: 10.1107/S0907444910007493

Coot citations


Activity of acetyltransferase toxins involved in Salmonella persister formation during macrophage infection

Nat Commun
PMCID: 5959882
PMID: 29777131
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04472-6
call_split See protocol

[…] ined with PHENIX Phaser software using molecular replacement function and a polyalanine scaffold of TacT (PDB 5FVJ) as a model. The model was then modified using AutoBuild and manually improved using Coot and refined using PHENIX and Refmac, against the high-resolution native data to give a final structure with an Rfree of 23.1% and good geometry (Supplementary Table ). The relatively high final […]


Targeting G protein coupled receptor signaling at the G protein level with a selective nanobody inhibitor

Nat Commun
PMCID: 5959942
PMID: 29777099
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04432-0

[…] ssion: 1A0R, 5M2W) with the CCP4 program PHASER,. Initial models were improved by multiple rounds of REFMAC ver. 5.8 refinement against the Gβ1γ1-Nb5 complex dataset and manual model adjustments with Coot 0.8.8. The final models had agreement factors Rfree and Rcryst of 24.7% and 20%, respectively. The stereochemical quality of the Gβ1γ1-Nb5 complex model was assessed with the Molprobity and wwPDB […]


X ray structure of a carpet like antimicrobial defensin–phospholipid membrane disruption complex

Nat Commun
PMCID: 5958116
PMID: 29773800
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04434-y
call_split See protocol

[…] chrotron (MX2) and processed using XDS. The structure was solved by molecular replacement with PHASER using the structure of NaD1 in its dimeric form as a search model. The final model was built with Coot and refined with Phenix to a resolution of 2.5 Å with the final Rwork and Rfree values of 0.2031 and 0.2519, respectively. All data collection and refinement statistics are summarized in Table . […]


Structure of a cleavage independent HIV Env recapitulates the glycoprotein architecture of the native cleaved trimer

Nat Commun
PMCID: 5955915
PMID: 29769533
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04272-y

[…] +PGT122 complex structure was determined by MR with PGV19 (determined in this study) and BG505 SOSIP.664+PGT122 from PDB 4TVP. The structures were refined using Phenix and model building performed in Coot. MolProbity, Privateer, and pdb-care were used for structure validation. The refinement statistics are reported in Supplementary Table . […]


Ratchet free solid state inertial rotation of a guest ball in a tight tubular host

Nat Commun
PMCID: 5954156
PMID: 29765050
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04325-2
call_split See protocol

[…] tructions. The non-hydrogen atoms were analyzed anisotropically, and hydrogen atoms were input at the calculated positions and refined with a riding model. Electron density mapping was performed on a COOT software program. The Hirshfeld surface analyses were performed using the CrystalExplorer software program. The refinement data are shown in Supplementary Tables –. […]


Structure guided Discovery of Dual recognition Chemibodies

Sci Rep
PMCID: 5954141
PMID: 29765112
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-25848-0
call_split See protocol

[…] e molecular replacement program Phaser using a previously reported complex structure of rat DPP-IV with Fab 11A19 (PDB code: 4FFV) as a search model. Model building and refinement were carried out in COOT and REFMAC in CCP4, respectively. All structural figures were prepared using PyMOL (Schrodinger Inc, San Diego, CA). […]

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Coot institution(s)
Structure and Biophysics, DS, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, UK; Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Coot funding source(s)
This project was funded by the Collaborative Computational Project Number 4.

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