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DISTRUCT specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_12221
Software type Package/Module
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use None
Input data The data to be plotted are specified in ASCII text-formatted files derived from structure output.
Operating system Unix/Linux, Mac OS, Windows
Programming languages C
Computer skills Advanced
Version 1.1
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes


No version available



  • person_outline Noah A. Rosenberg

Publication for DISTRUCT

DISTRUCT citations


Phylogeography of Aegean green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup): continental hybrid swarm vs. insular diversification with discovery of a new island endemic

BMC Evol Biol
PMCID: 5930823
PMID: 29720079
DOI: 10.1186/s12862-018-1179-0

[…] istics, computed by STRUCTURE HARVESTER []: the average log-likelihood Pr(X│K) [] and the ΔK []. Replicate runs were combined with CLUMPP [] and graphs of assignment probabilities were compiled using DISTRUCT []. We also conducted additional STRUCTURE analyses with K = 2 on the continental genotypes only (loc. 20–106), to infer patterns of introgression at the viridis / variabilis contact zone. Se […]


Genetic structure of South African Nguni (Zulu) sheep populations reveals admixture with exotic breeds

PLoS One
PMCID: 5919407
PMID: 29698497
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196276
call_split See protocol

[…] ARVESTER [], a web-based program, was used for collating the results generated by the program STRUCTURE. The clustering pattern was implemented in the CLUMPP program and visualised using the software DISTRUCT software version 1.1 [].To further investigate the genetic structure of each population when adopting an approach without assumptions about HWE or linkage disequilibrium, Discriminant Analysi […]


Genetic diversity in the endangered terrestrial orchid Cypripedium japonicum in East Asia: Insights into population history and implications for conservation

Sci Rep
PMCID: 5915404
PMID: 29691494
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24912-z
call_split See protocol

[…] the top level of hierarchical structure, we combined it with the method of selecting the smallest K after the log probability of data [ln Pr(X|K)] values reached a plateau. Programs Clumpp 1.1.2 and Distruct 1.1 were used to combine the results of the 15 replicates of the best K and to visualize the results produced by Clumpp, respectively. […]


Population structure, genetic diversity and downy mildew resistance among Ocimum species germplasm

BMC Plant Biol
PMCID: 5914031
PMID: 29685108
DOI: 10.1186/s12870-018-1284-7

[…] sed to identify the optimal permuted order of qI matrices with the greatest pairwise similarity. The average of this permutation provided the best qI matrix representation, which was visualized using DISTRUCT software [].Determinations of the qI threshold at which to infer cluster assignment vary by study, but range from qI = 0.5 [] – 0.8 []. Inclusion of wide crosses (F1, F2 and BC1) in this stud […]


Roads to isolation: Similar genomic history patterns in two species of freshwater crabs with contrasting environmental tolerances and range sizes

Ecol Evol
PMCID: 5938456
PMID: 29760905
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.4017
call_split See protocol

[…] Evanno, Regnaut, & Goudet, ), and the ten independent runs for this model were matched using the Greedy algorithm in CLUMPP v. 1.1 (Jakobsson & Rosenberg, ). Resulting barplots were constructed using Distruct v. 1.1 (Rosenberg, ). (2) DAPC (Jombart et al., ), was performed using Adegenet for genetic clustering that does not rely on any population genetic model and is thus free from assumptions of […]


Pharmacogenetic landscape of Metabolic Syndrome components drug response in Tunisia and comparison with worldwide populations

PLoS One
PMCID: 5898725
PMID: 29652911
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194842

[…] likely number of clusters, we calculated delta K as proposed by Evanno et al. []. The similarity of the runs at each K level was evaluated by the CLUMPP software as implemented at the online []. The Distruct software was used to visualize the best alignment of subpopulation inferring population substructure and individual assignment across the best runs at each k level []. […]


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DISTRUCT institution(s)
Program in Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

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