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DNA fingerprinting is a genetic typing technique that allows the analysis of the genomic relatedness between samples, and the comparison of DNA patterns. This technique has multiple applications in different fields (medical diagnosis, forensic science, parentage testing, food industry, agriculture and many others). An important task in molecular epidemiology of infectious diseases is the analysis and comparison of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns. This is applied to determine the clonal diversity of bacteria in the follow-up of outbreaks or for tracking specific clones of special relevance. The resulting images produced by DNA fingerprinting are sometimes difficult to interpret, and multiple tools have been developed to simplify this task.
(Heras et al., 2016) A survey of tools for analysing DNA fingerprints. Brief Bioinform.