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The discovery of novel gene fusions in tumor samples has rapidly accelerated with the rise of next-generation sequencing. A growing number of tools enable discovery of gene fusions from RNA-seq data. However it is likely that not all gene fusions are driving tumors. Assessing the potential functional consequences of a fusion is critical to understand their driver role. It is also challenging as gene fusions are described by chromosomal breakpoint coordinates that need to be translated into an actual amino acid fusion sequence and predicted domain architecture of the fusion proteins.
(Murphy and Elemento, 2016) AGFusion: annotate and visualize gene fusions. bioRxiv.