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geNorm specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_02316
Name geNorm
Software type Package/Module
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use None
Operating system Unix/Linux
Computer skills Advanced
Stability Stable
Maintained No


No version available


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Publication for geNorm

geNorm citations


Diet Affects Muscle Quality and Growth Traits of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus): A Comparison Between Grass and Artificial Feed

Front Physiol
PMCID: 5879129
PMID: 29632496
DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00283
call_split See protocol

[…] f the target and reference genes was evaluated according to standard curves. Each experiment was conducted in triplicate. The relative stability measures (M) of the reference genes were calculated by GeNorm ( Based on the results, β-actin was chosen as the reference gene in subsequent analyses. […]


Lactobacillus plantarum Restores Intestinal Permeability Disrupted by Salmonella Infection in Newly hatched Chicks

Sci Rep
PMCID: 5797085
PMID: 29396554
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-20752-z
call_split See protocol

[…] to the manufacturer’s instructions. Each sample was analyzed in triplicate. Five housekeeping genes were tested after which the most stable housekeeping gene for cecal samples was selected, using the geNorm software ( GAPDH was finally chosen to normalize gene expression due to its high expression stability. The efficiency of all tested genes was between 9 […]


Reference gene selection for qRT PCR assays in Stellera chamaejasme subjected to abiotic stresses and hormone treatments based on transcriptome datasets

PMCID: 5888148
PMID: 29632740
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4535
call_split See protocol

[…] Three different types of statistical tools: geNorm (version 3.5), NormFinder (version 0.953), and BestKeeper (version 1.0), were applied to rank the expression stability of the RGs across all of the experimental sets. For geNorm and NormFinder, […]


CRTC1 mediates preferential transcription at neuronal activity regulated CRE/TATA promoters

Sci Rep
PMCID: 5740062
PMID: 29269871
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18215-y
call_split See protocol

[…] or cultured neurons or the geometric mean of Gapdh, hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (Hprt) and peptidylprolyl isomerase A (Ppia) for brain samples using the NormFinder, BestKeeper and geNorm algorithms. […]


Association of innate defense proteins BPIFA1 and BPIFB1 with disease severity in COPD

PMCID: 5741069
PMID: 29296079
DOI: 10.2147/COPD.S144136
call_split See protocol

[…] 95°C and 15 s at 60°C). Data were analyzed using the standard curve method, and the expressions of BPIFA1 and BPIFB1 were calculated relative to the expression of the three reference genes, using the geNorm applet ( […]


Reference gene validation for gene expression normalization in canine osteosarcoma: a geNorm algorithm approach

PMCID: 5702123
PMID: 29178874
DOI: 10.1186/s12917-017-1281-3

[…] The average reference gene expression stability (M value) upon step-wise exclusion and pairwise variation (V value) were calculated using the geNorm algorithm approach for the tumors and cell lines individually. A higher absolute M value indicates lower expression stability and vice versa (Table ). Among the reference genes tested for the c […]


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geNorm institution(s)
Department of Clinical Sciences of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

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