An improved workflow for identifying Ub/Ubl conjugation sites based on the ChopNSpice and X!Tandem software. ChopNSpice is modified to generate Ub/Ubl conjugation peptides in the form of a cross-link. A combinatorial FASTA database can be acquired using the modified ChopNSpice (MchopNSpice). The modified X!Tandem (UblSearch) introduces a new fragmentation model for the Ub/Ubl conjugation peptides to match unambiguously the MS/MS spectra with linear peptides or Ub/Ubl conjugation peptides using the combinatorial FASTA database. The proposed workflow is more suitable for processing large-scale MS datasets of Ub/Ubl modification.