Standardizes, organizes and semantically defines biological assays and screening results. BAO provides a foundation for standardizing assay descriptions and endpoints. The ontology serves as a knowledge model by describing screening experiments and results semantically using description logic. It opens new functionality for querying and analyzing high-throughput screening (HTS) datasets. Users can query PubChem data using BAO terminology and collect sets of results for further analysis.
Provides definitions for the foundational entities of biomedicine as a basic vocabulary to unambiguously describe facts in this domain. BIOTOP presents an ontologically sound layer for linking and integrating various specific domain ontologies. It can be used as top-level model for creating new ontologies for more specific domains or as aid for aligning or improving existing ones.
Gathers more than 100000 terms dealing with biomedical concepts. NCIT provides a controlled vocabulary encompassing the fields of clinical care, public information and topics related to research. This resource displays definitions and linked information related to over 10000 cancers and 8000 single agents and combination therapies. This tool is used by several administrations such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
A resource for the semantically controlled description of environmental entities. ENVO bridges multiple domains including biomedicine, natural and anthropogenic ecology, omics and socioeconomic development. It provides a vocabulary to characterise sequenced environmental samples, together with an ontological structure to facilitate search, advanced querying, and inference in support of the aims of the genomics standards consortium. ENVO includes some 2159 classes primarily representing biomes, geographic features, and environmental materials, along with 18,791 axioms.
Provides classes and relations to describe and relate objects, processes and their attributes with specific extensions in the biomedical domain. SIO’s data concern spatial and temporal qualitative reasoning including location, containment, overlap, parthood and topology; participation and agency, linguistic and symbolic representation, as well as comparative and other information-oriented relations.
Provides an ontology for data recording of biomedical procedures. EXACT is designed to be directly integrated with other bio-medical ontologies. It is based on a framework that translate biomedical protocols from natural text to a machine amenable semantically-defined format. It proceeds by detecting and describing experimental actions and their descriptors in protocol texts and gives them unique IDs.
Provides an ontology to simplify formally distinctions and commonalities between various sorts of information entities. IAO is an ontology of information entities that covers the same domain but are compiled independently from each other. The main elements of this tool are the representational unit (RU) and the representational artifact (RA). These core elements are designed to give the possibility to bridge between terminologies, concept systems and ontologies.