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RefMED specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_01197
Name RefMED
Interface Web user interface
Restrictions to use None
Computer skills Basic
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes


  • person_outline Wook-Shin Han

Publication for RefMED

RefMED citations


Ontology Driven Search and Triage: Design of a Web Based Visual Interface for MEDLINE

PMCID: 5314102
PMID: 28153818
DOI: 10.2196/medinform.6918

[…] y provides support in addressing the first problem is iPubMed [], which provides fuzzy matches to search results. An alternative interface that may provide support in addressing the second problem is refMED [], which provides minimal triaging support through relevance ranking. A for-profit private tool, Quertle, appears to use visualizations to mitigate the information overload problem, although v […]


Integrating unified medical language system and association mining techniques into relevance feedback for biomedical literature search

BMC Bioinformatics
PMCID: 4959361
PMID: 27453982
DOI: 10.1186/s12859-016-1129-z

[…] in finding the correct keywords to represent his/her intention.BiomedSearch supports binary relevance feedback. That is, users only need to indicate whether a document is relevant or not for a query. RefMed [] proposed by Yu et al. is a multi-level relevance feedback system which requires more accurate information about users’ feedback, but, at the same time, puts more burdens on users. States et […]


Prediction of relevant biomedical documents: a human microbiome case study

BioData Min
PMCID: 4564977
PMID: 26361503
DOI: 10.1186/s13040-015-0061-5

[…] evance feedback mechanism was effective in retrieving further relevant documents, but that few searchers used it. More recently two relevance feedback engines have been developed for use with PubMed. RefMed [] provides a multi-level relevance feedback capability with which searchers can make explicit (i.e., the searcher selects both which documents are relevant and non-relevant) relevance judgment […]


Literature Retrieval and Mining in Bioinformatics: State of the Art and Challenges

Adv Bioinformatics
PMCID: 3388278
PMID: 22778730
DOI: 10.1155/2012/573846

[…] form the query in the full text article; (iii) those that further process the retrieved citations to organize them and/or to retrieve further information.As for the first category, let us recall here RefMed [], MedlineRanker [], and iPubMed []. RefMed ( is a search engine for PubMed that provides relevance ranking. It is widely known that ranking according to the gl […]


PubMed and beyond: a survey of web tools for searching biomedical literature

PMCID: 3025693
PMID: 21245076
DOI: 10.1093/database/baq036

[…] oved precision over PubMed’s default reverse time sorting scheme. Their ranking strategies are very different from one another, ranging from traditional IR techniques like explicit/implicit feedback (RefMed/MiSearch) and relevance ranking (Twease), to utilizing domain specific importance factors like journal impact factors and citation numbers (PubFocus), to some unknown proprietary semantic NLP t […]


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RefMED institution(s)
CSE Department, POSTECH, Pohang, Korea; CE Department, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

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