Seven Golden Rules specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_24907
Name Seven Golden Rules
Alternative name 7GR EXCEL + HR2 software
Software type Application/Script
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use None
Operating system Windows
Programming languages C++, Visual Basic
Computer skills Advanced
Version v46
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes



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  • person_outline Oliver Fiehn <>
  • person_outline Tobias Kind <>

Publication for Seven Golden Rules

Seven Golden Rules in publications

PMCID: 5198558
PMID: 27929394
DOI: 10.3390/toxins8120364

[…] tracer compound. other signals from both lc-hrms/ms spectra not successfully matching were discarded as noise. for matched fragment signal pairs, putative sum formulas were generated with the seven golden rules []. these sum formulas had to have at least as many carbon atoms as their fragment ion signals were annotated with., lc-q-tof (4.5.2) with gradient method 4 and full scan mode […]

PMCID: 5006994
PMID: 27579980
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160555

[…] could not be assigned to any chemical identity in the available databases; more than half of the features that we obtained as biomarker candidates were ‘unknown’ despite the application of the seven golden rules [] that automatically exclude incorrect molecular formulas, such as those containing unlikely high or low numbers of elements. additionally, the m/z range (70–1050) to operate […]

PMCID: 4609958
PMID: 26477831
DOI: 10.1038/srep15163

[…] analyzer. the mass spectrometer was acquiring mass spectra (m/z 50–450) in positive ionization mode with an accumulation time of 1 s. based on the exact mass sum formulae were provided based on the seven golden rules for sum formula determination by mass spectrometry., the data was acquired and mass calibrated with the analyst tf 1.7 and peakview 2.1 software (applied biosystems sciex, toronto, […]

PMCID: 4255957
PMID: 25372979
DOI: 10.1021/ac503290j

[…] corresponding to predicted ion species frequently found for the respective ionization mode. for metabolic features without a valid adduct pairing, neutral losses are calculated according to the seven golden rules., lc–hrms data derived from wheat cell suspension culture samples were processed as described above with the following parameter settings: (step 3a) isotopic carbon enrichment, […]

PMCID: 4334135
PMID: 25705145
DOI: 10.1007/s11306-014-0713-3

[…] backtracking algorithms (bocker et al. , ; bocker and liptak ). during this process, non-biological molecular formulas were further filtered using previously published heuristics (i.e., the seven golden rules) (kind and fiehn ). theoretical isotopic patterns for predicted molecular formulas were modeled by the first-order markov process and the forward trellis algorithm (snider ). next, […]

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Seven Golden Rules institution(s)
University of California Davis, Genome Center, Davis, CA, USA
Seven Golden Rules funding source(s)
Supported by a grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health (NIEHS), 1R01 ES013932, granted to Oliver Fiehn, the NIH National Center for Research Resources (RR18522), and the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory (PNNL) and Battelle Memorial Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC06-76RLO-1830.

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