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SHELF specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_22906
Alternative name SHeffield ELicitation Framework
Software type Package/Module
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use Academic or non-commercial use
Operating system Unix/Linux, Mac OS, Windows
Programming languages R
Computer skills Advanced
Version 3.0
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes




No version available


  • person_outline Tony O’Hagan
  • person_outline Jeremy Oakley

SHELF citations


Protocol for the health economic evaluation of increasing the weekend specialist to patient ratio in hospitals in England

BMJ Open
PMCID: 5855484
PMID: 29476025
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015561

[…] will be presented to participants in a randomised fashion to prevent anchoring bias. Participants will be asked to provide quantiles of their beliefs regarding the probability of each model using the Sheffield Elicitation Framework. The elicited quantiles will be transformed using the appropriate link function, and a normal distribution will be fitted to these quantiles, and they will be aggregate […]


EXPLICIT: a feasibility study of remote expert elicitation in health technology assessment

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak
PMCID: 5584524
PMID: 28870196
DOI: 10.1186/s12911-017-0527-0

[…] ckages []., and found limited support available in the tools for experts, including a lack of preparation of the expert for the elicitation task.Tools to be used with a facilitator include the SHELF (SHeffield ELicitation Framework) tool [], which uses R and provides visual representations based on summaries provided. Although it could be used for individual face-to-face elicitation, it is mainly […]


Development of a practical approach to expert elicitation for randomised controlled trials with missing health outcomes: Application to the IMPROVE trial

PMCID: 5648050
PMID: 28675302
DOI: 10.1177/1740774517711442

[…] sm to be propagated through the eventual estimates of relative effectiveness. Such sensitivity analyses require practical tools to facilitate expert elicitation, and recent research, for example, the Sheffield Elicitation Framework and associated web-based elicitation tool,, has focused on elicitation approaches within group meetings. As Hampson et al. illustrate, group-level elicitation has advan […]


Emerging Use of Early Health Technology Assessment in Medical Product Development: A Scoping Review of the Literature

PMCID: 5488152
PMID: 28432642
DOI: 10.1007/s40273-017-0509-1

[…] g methods to calibrate the experts. Recently, clear guidelines on the reporting of belief elicitation were published []. Another useful resource is available from the University of Sheffield with the Sheffield Elicitation Framework ( […]


Using phase II data for the analysis of phase III studies: An application in rare diseases

PMCID: 5833035
PMID: 28387537
DOI: 10.1177/1740774517699409

[…] etween 1/10,000 and 5/10,000. However, for other situations, such as in ultra-rare diseases, alternative approaches may be more appropriate. These include prior elicitation from experts following the SHeffield ELicitation Framework (SHELF), informative priors for the control group based on observational (e.g. registry) data, combining randomized and non-randomized evidence, or N-of-1 trials.It is […]


A Risk Assessment of Antibiotic Pan Drug Resistance in the UK: Bayesian Analysis of an Expert Elicitation Study

PMCID: 5372989
PMID: 28272350
DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics6010009

[…] During early 2014, opinions on 11 key scenario descriptors (Parameters, ) were formally elicited from expert panel members in the form of probability distributions using the Sheffield Elicitation Framework (SHELF) [] and the Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology for Healthcare (MATCH) online elicitation tool []. For Parameters 1–5, which are defined as proportions, a […]


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