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Specific Methylation Analysis and Report Tool SMART

Alternative name: SMART2

Detects the cell type-specific methylation marks by integrating multiple methylomes from human cell lines and tissues. SMART is an entropy-based framework focused on integrating of a large number of DNA methylomes for the de novo identification of cell type-specific MethyMarks. To facilitate the specific methylation analysis, this method dynamically integrates multiple methylomes and identifies the cell type-specific methylation marks.

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1 user review

Hongbo Liu's avatar image Hongbo Liu's country flag

Hongbo Liu

SMART2 is a newly developed tool for deep analysis of DNA methylation data detected by bisulfite sequencing platforms. This tool is focused on three main functions including de novo identification of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) (wikipedia) by genome segmentation, identification of DMRs from predefined regions of interest, and identification of differentially methylated CpG sites. It is known that DNA methylation plays important roles in the regulation of cell development and differentiation. DNA methylation/unmethylation mechanisms are common in all tissue/cell. However, different cell types with the same genome have different methylomes. Recently, high-throughput sequencing combining bisulfite treatment (Bisulfite-Seq) have been used to generate DNA methylomes from a wide range of human tissue/cell types at a genome-wide perspective. In order to de novo identify DMRs across different biological groups, entropy-based procedures facilitated the quantification of methylation specificity for each CpG and the determination of the Euclidean distance and similar entropy for each pair of neighboring CpGs. Subsequently, genome segmentation based on these quantified parameters segments the genome into primary segments comprising CpG sites with high methylation similarities across all groups. Further, the primary segments in close proximity and sharing similar methylation patterns were merged into larger segments of different types, including DMRs and non-DMRs which are identified based on methylation specificity and one-way ANOVA analysis. Eventually, the DMRs with specific hypo-/hypermethylation in the minority of groups, group-specific hypomethylation marks (HypoMarks) and the group-specific hypermethylation marks (HyperMarks), are identified using a statistical method. To facilitate the mining of methylation marks across cell types and species. In addition, SMART2 also supports the identification of DMRs from pre-defined regions of interest and differentially methylated CpG sites.

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SMART classification

SMART specifications

Software type:
Restrictions to use:
Academic or non-commercial use
Input format:
Output format:
Programming languages:
Computer skills:
Command line interface
Input data:
A methylation data matrix.
Output data:
DMR and related information.
Operating system:
Unix/Linux, Mac OS
GNU General Public License version 2.0

SMART distribution


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Version Operating System DOI Size Download Info
32/64 bits
10.24347/OMIC_19748_2.2.1/lm8664 1.74 Mo process validation...
32/64 bits
10.24347/OMIC_19748_2.2.1/lm8664 865.84 Ko SMART-2.2.1-Lin… ...


SMART support



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College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; Department of Rehabilitation, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; School of Life Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China

Funding source(s)

Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China [61403112, 31371334, 81573021, 61402139 and 31371478]; Natural Scientific Research Fund of Heilongjiang Provincial [ZD2015003].

Link to literature

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