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TOPPE specifications


Unique identifier OMICS_23605
Alternative names The End Of Pulse Programming, TOPPE GE
Software type Application/Script
Interface Command line interface
Restrictions to use None
Operating system Unix/Linux
Programming languages MATLAB
License GNU General Public License version 2.0, GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1
Computer skills Advanced
Stability Stable
Maintained Yes




No version available


  • person_outline Jon-Fredrik Nielsen

Publication for The End Of Pulse Programming

TOPPE citations


Nutrient content of fish powder from low value fish and fish byproducts

PMCID: 5448337
PMID: 28572920
DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.402

[…] mption of fish bones of larger fish is rarely practiced. An increased use of seafood, including bones, could contribute significantly to reducing the level of micronutrients and protein malnutrition (Toppe ). Many vulnerable groups cannot afford to buy seafood products, especially in areas where seafood is not available. A solution to the economic and logistic challenges in increasing fish consump […]


Dietary flounder skin improves growth performance, body composition, and stress recovery in the juvenile black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)

PMCID: 4039668
PMID: 24891999
DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-235

[…] roperties of these alternative protein sources been studied, but also their feasibility through direct feeding studies in fish (Kim and Bai ; Lee and Yoo ; Lee et al. ; Pham et al. ; Shapawi et al. ; Toppe et al. ; Uyan et al. ).In our previous study, biochemical analyses of fish skin from four species of fish (P. olivaceus, S. schlegeli, L. maculates, and P. major) were performed (Cho et al. ). T […]


Fish processing wastes for microbial enzyme production: a review

3 Biotech
PMCID: 3723863
PMID: 28324586
DOI: 10.1007/s13205-012-0099-8

[…] icter, requiring new disposal methods based on the fact that fish wastes (solid waste and wastewater) may considered as an important source of protein, lipids and minerals with high biological value (Toppe et al. ; Kacem et al. ).To avoid wasting by-products, various conventional disposal methods have been applied including ensilation and fermentation for the production of high-protein meals for a […]


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TOPPE institution(s)
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
TOPPE funding source(s)
Supported by Grant numbers: R21EB019653; R21EB012674.

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